Facts, Principles and Means
Wang Zhaoguo, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the 10th National People’s Congress, explicates the draft Anti-Secession Law on March 8. Key excerpts follows:
The legislation begins by making clear that this law is formulated, in accordance with the Constitution, for the purpose of opposing and checking Taiwan’s secession from China by secessionists in the name of “Taiwan independence,” promoting peaceful national reunification, maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait, preserving China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, and safeguarding the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. Such a provision defines both the legislative purpose and the scope of application of this legislation.
The Taiwan question is one that is left over from China’s civil war of the late 1940s. Solving the Taiwan question and achieving China’s complete reunification is China’s internal affair. On this question, we will not submit to any interference by outside forces.
The draft legislation, therefore, provides for upholding the principle of one China as the basis of peaceful reunification of the country, and reunifying the country through peaceful means as best serving the fundamental interests of the compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. The state shall do its utmost with maximum sincerity to achieve a peaceful reunification.
As long as the one-China principle is adhered to, any issue can be put on the table for discussion. The draft legislation expressly provides:
1) The state stands for the achievement of peaceful reunification through consultations and negotiations on an equal footing between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait. These consultations and negotiations may be conducted in steps and phases and with flexible and varied modalities.
2) The two sides may consult and negotiate on officially ending the state of hostility between the two sides, mapping out the development of cross-strait relations, steps and arrangements for a peaceful reunification, the political status of the Taiwan authorities, the Taiwan region’s room of international operation that is compatible with its status, and other matters concerning the achievement of peaceful reunification.
We have consistently stood for reunifying the country through peaceful means. People on both sides of the Taiwan Strait are all Chinese and the Taiwan compatriots are our own brothers and sisters. No one is more desirous of achieving a peaceful reunification than we are. So long as there is a glimmer of hope for peaceful reunification, we will exert our utmost to make it happen rather than give it up.
Using non-peaceful means to stop secession in defense of our sovereignty and territorial integrity would be our last resort when all our efforts for a peaceful reunification should prove futile.
The draft legislation provides that in the event that the “Taiwan independence” forces should act under any name or by any means to cause the fact of Taiwan’s secession from China, or that major incidents entailing Taiwan’s secession from China should occur, or that possibilities for a peaceful reunification should be completely exhausted, the state shall employ non-peaceful means and other necessary measures to protect China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.